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  • Learning Disabilities: What Parents Need to Know

    Your child will learn many things in life—how to listen, speak, read, write, and do math. Some skills may be harder to learn than others. If your child is trying his best to learn certain skills but is not able to keep up with his peers, it’s important to find out why. Your child may have a learning

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  • Making Healthy Decisions About Sex: Important Information For Teens

    Before you decide to have sex or if you are already having sex, you need to know how to stay healthy. Even if you think you know everything you need to know about sex, take a few minutes and read on. Your doctor wants to make sure you know the facts.

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  • Marijuana: What You Need to Know

    As a parent, you are your child’s first and best protection against drug use. The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics about marijuana and how to help your child say “No” to drug use. (Child refers to child or teen in this publication.)

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  • Media History

    Please check one answer for each question. If the question does not apply to your family (ie, you do not own a computer or mobile device), leave that section blank.

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  • Medicine and the Media: How to Make Sense of the Messages

    Your child is sick or hurt and the first thought on your mind is, “How can I make my child better?” That's natural. No parent wants his or her child to suffer. So how do you decide what medicines to give or treatments to try?

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  • Napping Difficulties—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    Many children have sleep or nap problems at some time. Depending on the situations in which they live, their child care, and/or situations they experience, sleeping or napping problems may last a while or be resolved quickly. The most common cause of nap inconsistencies is being overtired and overstimulated.

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  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    Children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) perform repetitive patterns of compulsive behaviors in response to a strict internal rule or because they believe it will serve a purpose, such as protecting them. Compulsions decrease children’s distress level, or children believe that compulsions

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  • Physical Altercations—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    A physical altercation is generally a confrontation, tussle, or display of physical aggression that may or may not result in injury. Physical altercations are distinguished from verbal altercations by the use of physical force or contact. Physical altercations may also be referred to as bullying or fighting.

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  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    Children with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are most easily identified if caregivers and child care and early education professionals are aware that they have experienced a significant trauma in their past, including a motor vehicle crash, significant medical procedure, house fire, natural disaster,

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  • Ratings: Making Healthy Media Choices

    Research has shown that children are influenced by what they see and hear, especially at very young ages. To help parents make informed choices about what their children see and hear, many entertainment companies use ratings systems. Ratings give parents more information about the content of television

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  • Responding to Children's Emotional Needs During Times of Crisis: Information for Parents

    Pediatricians are often the first responders for children and families suffering emotional and psychological reactions to terrorism and other disasters. As such, pediatricians have a unique opportunity to help parents and other caregivers communicate

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  • Responding to Tantrums—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    Tantrums are common in young children, with as many as 70% of children between the ages of 18 and 24 months having tantrums and 75% of children aged 3 to 5 years displaying tantrum behaviors. It is not unusual for a child between 18 and 60 months of age to have a tantrum per day, lasting between 90 seconds

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  • Selective Mutism—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    Selective mutism is identified when a child who is able to speak at home does not speak in public settings, especially child care or school. While some children are shy in new settings, the shyness generally decreases as they become accustomed to the new setting. Children with selective mutism will remain

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  • Self-stimulation—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    Self-stimulating behaviors may appear as banging the head, rocking, thumb-sucking, teeth grinding (bruxism), nail-biting, masturbating, or pulling and twisting the hair.

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  • Separation Anxiety—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    Separation anxiety is the distress that children show when being separated from their primary caregivers. It appears around 7 to 9 months of age in most children and can persist over time for children who tend to be shyer or less adaptable to new routines. In typical development, children can easily

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  • Sibling Relationships

    Almost 80% of children grow up with at least one brother or sister. Brothers and sisters teach each other how to get along with others. Even if they do not always get along with each other, siblings play very positive roles in each other's lives.

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  • Single Parenting

    Single-parent families are more and more common in today's society. While raising children alone isn't easy, children in single-parent homes can grow up just as happy as children in 2-parent homes. Read on to find out how single parents can better cope with the special challenges of raising children

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  • Sleep Disorders—Behavioral Issues in Child Care and Schools

    Approximately 25% of children younger than 5 years experience some type of sleep problem.

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  • Sleep Problems in Children

    Sleep problems are very common during the first few years of life. Problems may include waking up during the night, not wanting to go to sleep, nightmares, sleepwalking, and bedwetting. If frantic upset persists with no apparent cause, call your child's doctor.

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  • Sleep Problems: Your Child’s Sleep Diary

    Children differ in how much sleep they need, how long it takes them to fall asleep, and how easily they wake up. If you are concerned about your child’s sleep habits, talk with your child’s doctor. Your child’s doctor may ask you to keep a sleep diary to help track your child’s sleep habits.

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  • Smokeless Tobacco: What You Need to Know

    Chewing tobacco, snuff, snus, and dissolvable tobacco in the shape of sticks, pellets, and strips are all types of tobacco products that are not smoked but used in other ways. All types of smokeless tobacco contain nicotine and chemicals known to cause cancer (carcinogens).

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  • Staying Cool When Things Heat Up
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  • Stressed? Read This.

    Even though stress makes us feel uncomfortable, it's not always a bad thing. Sometimes stress can really help us deal with tough situations. A lot of stress changes our bodies quickly and helps us react to an emergency. A little stress keeps us alert and helps us work harder.

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  • Substance Abuse Prevention

    The use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs is one of the biggest temptations facing young people today. As a parent, you are your child's best protection against drug use. You can start by telling your children that you expect them not to use drugs and become informed yourself about drug use. This

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  • Talking With Your Teen About Sex

    Children are exposed to sexual messages every day—on TV, on the Internet, in movies, in magazines, and in music. Sex in the media is so common that you might think that teens today already know all they need to about sex. They may even claim to know it all, so sex is something you just don't talk about.

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  • Teaching Good Behavior: Tips on How to Discipline
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  • Teen Dating Violence: Tips for Parents
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  • Teen Suicide and Guns
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  • Teen Suicide, Mood Disorder, and Depression: What Parents Need to Know

    Thousands of teens commit suicide each year in the United States. In fact, suicide is the third leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-olds.

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  • Temper Tantrums

    It's hard for a young child to hold strong feelings inside. Young children often cry, scream, or stomp up and down when they are upset. As a parent, you may feel angry, helpless, or ashamed.

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  • Temper Tantrums: A Normal Part of Growing Up

    It's hard for young children to hold strong feelings inside. When they feel frustrated or angry, they often cry, scream, or stomp up and down. This is a temper tantrum. Temper tantrums are a normal part of your child's development. They usually begin around age 12 to 18 months, get worse between 2 and

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  • The Risks of Tobacco Use

    Many people think that the only people harmed by tobacco use are smokers who have smoked for a long time. The fact is that tobacco use can be harmful to everyone. This includes unborn babies and people who don’t smoke.

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  • Thumbs, Fingers, and Pacifiers

    The good news is that most children stop their sucking habits before they get very far in school. This is because of peer pressure. While your child might still use sucking as a way of going to sleep or calming down when upset, this is usually

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  • Tobacco: Straight Talk for Teens

    Did you know that about 80% of teens in the United States don't smoke? They've made a healthy choice.

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  • Toilet Training

    Teaching your child how to use the toilet takes time and patience. Each child learns to use the toilet in his or her own time. Here is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics to help guide you and your child through the process.

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